Alamo is located in the Rio Grande Valley what is nicknamed the “Land of Two Summers,” is a town known as “The Refuge to the Valley” in the irrigated area of southern Hidalgo County, Texas. The town is located in an area of abundant vegetable farming and citrus groves, and it is a noted winter resort/retirement town near the Mexico-U.S. border. Alamo is also one of the Rio Grande Valley’s gateways to Mexico, via U.S. Route 281 and Nuevo Progreso, Tamaulipasas well as gateway to the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,928, and the median income for a family was $24,827. Males had a median income of $17,476 versus $14,683 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,564. About 24.9% of families and 32.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.0% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.