Mercedes is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas. It is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas. Mercedes is known as “The Queen City of the Valley” or “La Reina del Valle”. The city of Mercedes was founded September 15, 1907, by the American Rio Grande Land & Irrigation Company, and was incorporated March 8, 1909. It is one of the oldest towns in the Rio Grande Valley, and the city celebrated its centennial in 2007.
The Rio Grande Valley Premium Outlets, owned by Chelsea Property Group which is a brand of Simon Property Group, opened on November 2, 2006. The city is roughly the geographical center of the Rio Grande Valley urban agglomeration and is located on Interstate 2/U.S. Highway 83, which connects the major urban centers of Brownsville, McAllen and Harlingen. The city is located near a major Mexico – United States border crossing making it accessible to the growing middle class population of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas.
The median household income was $23,064 and the median family income was $25,339. Males had a median income of $19,945 versus $18,387 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,658. About 30.4% of families and 36.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.4% of those under age 18 and 30.3% of those age 65 or over.